The PlayStation 2

( PS2) is a home computer game console established as well as marketed by Sony Computer Entertainment. It was first released in Japan on March 4, 2000, in The United States And Canada on October 26, 2000, in Europe on November 24, 2000, as well as in Australia on November 30, 2000. It is the follower to the initial PlayStation, along with the 2nd installment in the PlayStation console line-up. A sixth-generation console, it took on Sega's Dreamcast, Nintendo's GameCube, as well as Microsoft's original Xbox.
Revealed in 1999, the PS2 provided backward-compatibility for its precursor's DualShock controller, along with its video games. The PS2 is the best-selling computer game console of perpetuity, having marketed over 155 million units worldwide.Over 3,800 video game titles have been released for the PS2, with over 1.5 billion duplicates sold.Sony later manufactured a number of smaller, lighter revisions of the console known as Slimline models in 2004.
Despite the launch of its follower, the PlayStation 3, the PS2 continued to be popular well right into the 7th generation. It remained to be generated till 2013 when Sony finally introduced that it had been stopped after over twelve years of production– among the longest lifespans of a video game console. In spite of the statement, new ready the console continued to be created until completion of 2013, consisting of Last Dream XI: Hunters of Adoulin for Japan, FIFA 14 for North America, and also Pro Development Football 2014 for Europe. Repair solutions for the system in Japan ended on September 7, 2018.

Background

Though Sony has kept details of the PlayStation 2's advancement trick, service the console started around the moment that the original PlayStation was launched (in late 1994). Experts mentioned that it was created in the United State West Coast by former participants of Argonaut Software.By 1997 word had actually leaked to the press that the console would have backward-compatibility with the initial PlayStation, an integrated DVD gamer, and Net connectivity.Officially, nonetheless, Sony continued to deny that a follower to the PlayStation was being created. Sony announced the PlayStation 2 (PS2) on March 1, 1999. The computer game console was positioned as a rival to Sega's Dreamcast, the very first sixth-generation console to be launched, although ultimately the major rivals of the pcsx2 bios were Nintendo's GameCube and Microsoft's Xbox.The Dreamcast itself introduced extremely effectively in The United States and Canada later on that year, offering over 500,000 units within two weeks.
Soon after the Dreamcast's North American launch, Sony unveiled the PlayStation 2 at the Tokyo Video Game Show on September 20, 1999. Sony showed fully playable demonstrations of forthcoming PlayStation 2 video games including Grandmother Turismo 2000 ( later on released as Grandmother Turismo 3: A-Spec) and Tekken Tag Tournament– which showed the console's visuals abilities as well as power.
The PS2 was released in March 2000 in Japan, October in North America, and also November in Europe. Sales of the console, video games as well as devices drew in $250 million on the initial day, defeating the $97 million made on the first day of the Dreamcast.Directly after its launch, it was tough to discover PS2 systems on retailer racks as a result of making delays. Another choice was acquiring the console online via public auction websites such as eBay, where people paid over a thousand bucks for the console. The PS2 originally sold well partially on the basis of the stamina of the PlayStation brand name as well as the console's backward-compatibility, offering over 980,000 devices in Japan by March 5, 2000, eventually after launch. This enabled the PS2 to tap the large set up base developed by the PlayStation– one more major marketing factor over the competition. Later, Sony added brand-new development packages for video game developers and also even more PS2 units for consumers. The PS2's built-in functionality also increased its audience past the gamer, as its debut prices was the same or less than a standalone DVD player. This made the console a low-priced entry right into the residence movie theater market.

Hardware

Software program for the PlayStation 2 was dispersed mostly on DVD-ROM, with some titles being released on CD-ROM. In addition, the console can play audio CDs and DVD flicks and is backward-compatible with nearly all original PlayStation video games. The PlayStation 2 additionally sustains PlayStation memory cards and controllers, although initial PlayStation sd card will only deal with initial PlayStation games and also the controllers may not support all features (such as analog buttons) for PlayStation 2 games.
The typical PlayStation 2 memory card has an 8 MEGABYTES capacity.There are a variety of non-Sony produced memory cards offered for the PlayStation 2, enabling a memory ability larger than the typical 8 MEGABYTES.
The console likewise includes 2 USB ports, and 1 IEEE 1394 ( Firewire) port (SCPH-10000 to 3900x only). A disk drive can be installed in an expansion bay on the back of the console, and is required to play particular video games, significantly the preferred Final Fantasy XI.This is just available on certain versions.
The console utilizes the Emotion Engine CPU, custom-made by Sony and also Toshiba and based upon the MIPS architecture with a floating factor efficiency of 6.2 GFLOPS.The GPU is likewise custom-made for the console and called the Graphics Synthesizer, with a fillrate of 2.4 gigapixels/second, with the ability of providing up to 75 million polygons per second.When accountancy for attributes such as lighting, texture mapping, artificial intelligence, and game physics, it has a real-world performance of 3 million to 16 million polygons per second.

Video clip and audio

The PlayStation 2 can natively output video clip resolutions on SDTV and also HDTV from 480i to 480p while various other games, such as Grandma Turismo 4 and also Tourist Trophy are known to sustain up-scaled 1080i resolution making use of any of the adhering to requirements: composite video clip( 480i), S-Video (480i), RGB( 480i/p), VGA( for dynamic check games as well as PS2 Linux just), YPBPR component video ( which display most initial PlayStation video games in their native 240p mode which the majority of HDTV sets do not assistance), as well as D-Terminal. Cords are readily available for every one of these signal kinds; these cable televisions additionally result analog stereo sound. In addition, an RF modulator is readily available for the system to link to older TVs.
Digital (S/PDIF) audio might additionally be result by the console using its TOSLINK connectorwhich outputs 2.0 PCM, 5.1, and also 6.1 network audio in Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital Surround Ex-spouse, DTS, And DTS-ES styles.

Gamings

PlayStation 2 software is dispersed on CD-ROM and also DVD-ROM; the two layouts are differentiated by their discs' bottoms, with CD-ROMs being blue as well as DVD-ROMs being silver. The PlayStation 2 used some especially top-level special games. The majority of major access in the Grand Theft Vehicle, Last Dream, and also Steel Gear Strong series were launched solely for the console. Several respected collection got their beginning on the PlayStation 2, including God of Battle, Ratchet & Clank, Jak and Daxter, Adversary May Cry, Kingdom Hearts, and Sly Cooper. Grand Theft Car: San Andreas was the best-selling game on the console.
Game releases came to a head in 2004, however declined with the release of the PlayStation 3 in 2006. The last new games for the console were Final Dream XI: Seekers of Adoulin in Asia, FIFA 14 in North America, and also Pro Evolution Football 2014 in Europe. As of June 30, 2007, a total of 10,035 software application titles had actually been launched globally consisting of video games released in numerous regions as different titles.

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